: . :

<<<
>>>
----
· #1

James Randerson, How many neurons make a human brain, Guardian, February 28, 2012. https://theguardian.com/science/blog/2012/feb/28/how-many-neurons-human-brain;Bradley Voytek, Are there really as many neurons in the human brain as stars in Milky Way?, Scitable, May 20, 2013. www.nature.com/scitable/blog/brain-metrics/are_there_really_as_many.

· #2

Nature .

· #3

Norman A. S. Farb, Zindel V. Segal, Helen Mayberg ., Attending to the present: mindfulness meditation reveals distinct neural models of self-reference, Social cognitive and affective neuroscience 2, no. 4 (2007): 313322, doi:10.1093/scan/nsm030.

· #4

(. extinguishing . .) , .

· #5

(. retreat) , . , , . . .

· #6

, ( . trigger ). . .

· #7

E. L.Thorndike, Animal Intelligence: An Experimental Study of the Associative Processes in Animals, Psychological Monographs: General and Applied 7, no. 4 (1898): 18.

· #8

: psychology () eulogy (), . . .

· #9

B. F.Skinner, The Behavior of Organisms: An Experimental Analysis (New York: Appleton-Century, 1938).

· #10

J.Kabat-Zinn, Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness, rev. ed. (New York: Delacorte, 2013), xxxv.

· #11

S.Batchelor, After Buddhism: Rethinking the Dharma for a Secular Age (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2015), 64.

· #12

S.Batchelor, After Buddhism: Rethinking the Dharma for a Secular Age (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2015), 23.

· #13

L. T.Kozlowski ., Comparing Tobacco Cigarette Dependence with Other Drug Dependencies: Greater or Equal Difficulty Quitting and Urges to Use but Less Pleasure from Cigarettes, JAMA 261, no. 6 (1989): 898901.

· #14

J. A.Brewer ., Mindfulness Training and Stress Reactivity in Substance Abuse: Results from a Randomized, Controlled StageI Pilot Study, Substance Abuse 30, no. 4 (2009): 306317.

· #15

J. D.Teasdale ., Prevention of Relapse/Recurrence in Major Depression by Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 68, no. 4 (2000): 615623; J.Kabat-Zinn, L.Lipworth, and R.Burney, The Clinical Use of Mindfulness Meditation for the Self-Regulation of Chronic Pain, Journal of Behavioral Medicine 8, no. 2 (1985): 163190; J.Kabat-Zinn ., Effectiveness of a Meditation-Based Stress Reduction Program in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders, American Journal of Psychiatry 149, no. 7 (1992): 936943.

· #16

J. A.Brewer ., Mindfulness Training for Smoking Cessation: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial, Drug and Alcohol Dependence 119, nos. 12 (2011): 7280.

· #17

H. M.Elwafi ., Mindfulness Training for Smoking Cessation: Moderation of the Relationship between Craving and Cigarette Use, Drug and Alcohol Dependence 130, nos. 13 (2013): 222229.

· #18

G.DeGraff, Mind like Fire Unbound: An Image in the Early Buddhist Discourses, 4th ed. (Valley Center, Calif: Metta Forest Monastery, 1993).

· #19

B.Thanissaro, ., Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta: Setting the Wheel of Dhamma in Motion (1993); Access to Insight: Readings in Theravada Buddhism, www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/sn/sn56/sn56.on.than.html.

· #20

J. A.Brewer, H. M.Elwafi, J. H.Davis, Craving to Quit: Psychological Models and Neurobiological Mechanisms of Mindfulness Training as Treatment for Addictions, Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 27, no. 2 (2013): 366379.

· #21

C.Duhigg, The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business (New York: Random House, 2012); R.Hawkins ., A Cellular Mechanism of Classical Conditioning in Aplysia: Activity-Dependent Amplification of Presynaptic Facilitation. Science 219, no. 4583 (1983): 400405.

· #22

B. F.Skinner, Science and Human Behavior (New York: Free Press, 1953), 73.

· #23

: YouTube MeTube. you , me , , , , , . . .

· #24

D. I.Tamir, J. P.Mitchell, Disclosing Information about the Self Is Intrinsically Rewarding. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109, no. 21 (2012): 80388043.

· #25

D.Meshi, C.Morawetz, H. R.Heekeren, Nucleus Accumbens Response to Gains in Reputation for the Self Relative to Gains for Others Predicts Social Media Use, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7 (2013).

· #26

L. E.Sherman ., The Power of the Like in Adolescence: Effects of Peer Influence on Neural and Behavioral Responses to Social Media, Psychological Science 27, no. 7 (2016): 10271035.

· #27

Middle school , . . .

· #28

High school , . . .

· #29

(. Instagram) instant, . . .

· #30

R. J.Lee-Won, L.Herzog, S. G.Park, Hooked on Facebook: The Role of Social Anxiety and Need for Social Assurance in Problematic Use of Facebook, Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 18, no. 10 (2015): 567574.

· #31

Z. W.Lee, C. M.Cheung, D. R.Thadani, An Investigation into the Problematic Use of Facebook, 45- 2012 .

· #32

M. L. N.Steers, R. E.Wickham, L. K.Acitelli, Seeing Everyone Elses Highlight Reels: How Facebook Usage Is Linked to Depressive Symptoms, Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology33, no. 8 (2014): 701731.

· #33

U Pandita, In This Very Life: The Liberation Teachings of the Buddha (Somerville, Mass.: Wisdom Publications, 1992), 162.

· #34

J. A.Brewer ., Meditation Experience Is Associated with Differences in Default Mode Network Activity and Connectivity, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, no. 50 (2011): 2025420259.

· #35

M. R.Henry, The Curse of the Self: Self Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), 18.

· #36

SAT Scholastic Aptitude Test, Scholastic Assessment Test. . .

· #37

Watts, This Is It, in This Is It, 70.

· #38

W.Schultz, Behavioral Theories and the Neurophysiology of Reward, Annual Review of Psychology 57 (2006): 87115.

· #39

, . , . . . . .

· #40

W. J.Livesley, K. L.Jang, P. A.Vernon, Phenotypic and Genetic Structure of Traits Delineating Personality Disorder, Archives of General Psychiatry 55, no. 10 (1998): 941948.

· #41

, 5 . . . .

· #42

S. N.Ogata ., Childhood Sexual and Physical Abuse in Adult Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder, American Journal of Psychiatry 147, no. 8 (1990): 10081013.

· #43

S. K.Fineberg ., A Computational Account of Borderline Personality Disorder: Impaired Predictive Learning about Self and Others through Bodily Simulation, Frontiers in Psychiatry5 (2014): in.

· #44

B.Worthen, The Perils of Texting while Parenting, Wall Street Journal, September 29, 2012, www.wsj.com/articles/SB10000872396390444772404577589683644202996.

· #45

C.Palsson, That Smarts! Smartphones and Child Injuries, working paper, Department of Economics, Yale University, 2014.

· #46

J. L.Nasar, D.Troyer, Pedestrian Injuries due to Mobile Phone Use in Public Places, Accident Analysis and Prevention 57 (2013): 9195.

· #47

M.Horn, Walking while Texting Can Be Deadly, Study Shows, USA Today, March 8, 2016, https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2016/03/08/pedestrian-fatalities-surge-10-percent/81483294/.

· #48

M. A.Killingsworth, D. T.Gilbert, A Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind, Science 330, no. 6006 (2010): 932.

· #49

. ..: , 2016.

· #50

J. A.Brewer, K. A.Garrison, S.Whitfield-Gabrieli, What about the Self Is Processed in the Posterior Cingulate Cortex? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7 (2013).

· #51

K. N.Ochsner, J. J.Gross, The Cognitive Control of Emotion, Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9, no. 5 (2005): 242249.

· #52

A. F.Arnsten, Stress Signalling Pathways That Impair Prefrontal Cortex Structure and Function, Nature Reviews Neuroscience 10, no. 6 (2009): 410422.

· #53

W.Hofmann ., Everyday Temptations: An Experience Sampling Study of Desire, Conflict, and Self-Control, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 102, no. 6 (2011): 13181335.

· #54

, . - - , , . ( ), , , , , , . , : ? , !

· #55

K.Spain, T-P in Beijing: Lolo Jones Hopes of Gold Medal Clipped by Fall, New Orleans Times-Picayune, August 19, 2008, http://blog.nola.com/tps-ports/2008/08/lolo_jones_hopes_of_gold_medal.html.

· #56

S.Gregory, Lolos No Choke, Time, July 19, 2012, http://olympics.time.com/2012/07/19/lolo-jones-olympic-hurdler.

· #57

S.Nolen-Hoeksema, B. E.Wisco, S.Lyubomirsky, Rethinking Rumination, Perspectives on Psychological Science 3, no. 5 (2008): 400424.

· #58

R. N.Davis, S.Nolen-Hoeksema, Cognitive Inflexibility among Ruminators and Nonruminators, Cognitive Therapy and Research 24, no. 6 (2000): 699711.

· #59

Y.Millgram ., Sad as a Matter of Choice? Emotion-Regulation Goals in Depression, Psychological Science 2015: 113.

· #60

M. F.Mason ., Wandering Minds: The Default Network and Stimulus-Independent Thought Science 315, no. 5810 (2007): 393395.

· #61

D. H.Weissman ., The Neural Bases of Momentary Lapses in Attention, Nature Neuroscience 9, no. 7 (2006): 971978.

· #62

D. A.Gusnard ., Medial Prefrontal Cortex and Self-Referential Mental Activity: Relation to a Default Mode of Brain Function, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98, no. 7 (2001): 42594264.

· #63

S.Whitfield-Gabrieli ., Associations and Dissociations between Default and Self-Reference Networks in the Human Brain, Neurolmage 55, no. 1 (2011): 225232.

· #64

, , . . .

· #65

J. A.Brewer ., Meditation Experience Is Associated with Differences in Default Mode Network Activity and Connectivity, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, no. 50 (2011): 2025420259.

· #66

A.Aron ., Reward, Motivation, and Emotion Systems Associated with Early-Stage Intense Romantic Love, Journal of Neurophysiology 94, no. 1 (2005): 327337.

· #67

. . .

· #68

TED Technology, Entertainment, Design, , , . , . . .

· #69

H.Fisher, The Brain in Love, February 2008, TED, https://www.ted.com/talks/helen_fisher_studies_the_brain_in_love. 2:51.

· #70

A.Bartels, S.Zeki, The Neural Correlates of Maternal and Romantic Love, Neurolmage 21, no. 3 (2004): 11551166.

· #71

( ) . . .

· #72

- . : ..: , 2002.

· #73

K. A.Garrison ., BOLD Signal and Functional Connectivity Associated with Loving Kindness Meditation, Brain and Behavior 4, no. 3 (2014): 337347.

· #74

J. D.Ireland, ., Dvayatanupassana Sutta: The Noble Ones Happiness (1995), Access to Insight: Readings in Theravada Buddhism, www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/kn/snp/snp.3.12.irel.html.

· #75

Magandiya Sutta: To Magandiya (MN75), in The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Majjhima Nikaya, . B.Nanamoli and B.Bodhi (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1995).

· #76

B.Bodhi, ., In the Buddhas Words: An Anthology of Discourses from the Pali Canon (Somerville, Mass.: Wisdom Publications, 2005), 192193.

· #77

G.Harrison, In the Lap of the Buddha (Boston: Shambhala, 2013).

· #78

Bodhi, In the Buddhas Words.

· #79

Magandiya Sutta.

· #80

B. F.Skinner, J.Hayes, Walden Two (New York: Macmillan, 1976 [1948]).

· #81

Hafiz, And Applaud, from the Penguin publication IHeard God Laughing: Poems of Hope and Joy, . Daniel Ladinsky (New York: Penguin, 2006), 5. Copyright 1996 and 2006 by Daniel Ladinsky and used with his permission.

· #82

Anapanasati Sutta: Mindfulness of Breathing (MN118). 2010.

· #83

, , , .

· #84

M.Oliver, Sometimes, in Red Bird: Poems (Boston: Beacon, 2008), 35.

· #85

J.Mahler, Who Spewed That Abuse? Anonymous Yik Yak App Isnt Telling, New York Times, March 8, 2d.

· #86

B.Nanamoli, B.Bodhi, ., The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Majjhima Nikaya (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1995).

· #87

J.Davis, Acting Wide Awake: Attention and the Ethics of Emotion (PhD diss., City University of New York, 2014).

· #88

H. A.Chapman ., In Bad Taste: Evidence for the Oral Origins of Moral Disgust, Science 323, no. 5918 (2009): 12221226.

· #89

U.Kirk, J.Downar, P. R.Montague, Interoception Drives Increased Rational Decision-Making in Meditators Playing the Ultimatum Game, Frontiers in Neuroscience 5 (2011).

· #90

A. G.Sanfey ., The Neural Basis of Economic Decision-Making in the Ultimatum Game, Science 300, no. 5626 (2003): 17551758.

· #91

S.Batchelor, Afier Buddhism: Rethinking the Dharma for a Secular Age (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2015), 242.

· #92

T.Bhikkhu, No Strings Attached, in Head and Heart Together: Essays on the Buddhist Path (2010), 12.

· #93

M.Csikszentmihalyi, Beyond Boredom and Anxiety: Experiencing Flow in Work and Play (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1975).

· #94

M.Csikszentmihalyi, Go with the Flow, J.Geirland, Wired, September 1996, www.wired.com/1996/09/czik.

· #95

J.Nakamura, M.Csikszentmihalyi, Flow Theory and Research, in The Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology, 2nd ed., . S. J.Lopez and C. R.Snyder, 195206 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009).

· #96

D.Potter, Dean Potter: The Modern Day Adventure Samurai, Jimmy Chin, Jimmy Chins Blog, May 12, 2014. BASE ( . .) building (), antenna (), span (, ), earth ().

· #97

, . . .

· #98

, . . .

· #99

P.Jackson, H.Delehanty, Eleven Rings: The Soul of Success (New York: Penguin, 2013), 23.

· #100

Sujiva, Five Jhana Factors of Concentration/Absorption, 2012, BuddhaNet, www.buddhanet.net/mettab3.htm.

· #101

M.Csikszentmihalyi, Finding Flow: The Psychology of Engagement with Everyday Life (New York: Basic Books, 1997), 129.

· #102

C. J.Limb, A. R.Braun, Neural Substrates of Spontaneous Musical Performance: An fMRI Study of Jazz Improvisation, PLoS One 3, no. 2 (2008): 61679; S.Liu ., Neural Correlates of Lyrical Improvisation: An fMRI Study of Freestyle Rap, ScientificReports 2 (2012): 834; G. F.Donnay ., Neural Substrates of Interactive Musical Improvisation: An fMRI Study of Trading Fours in Jazz, PLoS One 9, no. 2 (2014): e88665.

· #103

T. S.Eliot, Burnt Norton, in Four Quartets. In the UK and the rest of the world: published by Faber and Faber Ltd., reprinted with permission.

· #104

.. : .. . .: , 2000 ( .). . .

· #105

M.Steinfeld, J.Brewer, The Psychological Benefits from Reconceptualizing Music-Making as Mindfulness Practice, Medical Problems of Performing Artists 30, no. 2 (2015): 8489.

· #106

S.Kotler, The Rise of Superman: Decoding the Science of Ultimate Human Performance (Boston: New Harvest, 2014), 57.

· #107

Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, . Stephen Mitchell (New York: Harper Perennial, 1992), chap. 59.

· #108

S.Del Canale ., The Relationship between Physician Empathy and Disease Complications: An Empirical Study of Primary Care Physicians and Their Diabetic Patients in Parma, Italy, Academic Medicine 87, no. 9 (2012): 12431249; D. P.Rakel ., Practitioner Empathy and the Duration of the Common Cold, Family Medicine 41, no. 7 (2009): 494501.

· #109

M. S.Krasner ., Association of an Educational Program in Mindful Communication with Burnout, Empathy, and Attitudes among Primary Care Physicians, JAMA 302, no. 12 (2009): 12841293.

· #110

T.Gyatso (Dalai LamaXIV), The Compassionate Life (Somerville, Mass.: Wisdom Publications, 2003), 21.

· #111

Krasner ., Educational Program in Mindful Communication.

· #112

Bankers Magazine in 1964 Will Rogerd.

· #113

B.Thanissaro, ., Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta: Setting the Wheel of Dhamma in Motion (1993); Access to Insight: Readings in Theravada Buddhism, www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/sn/sn56/sn56.on.than.html.

· #114

S.Batchelor, Afier Buddhism: Rethinking the Dharma for a Secular Age (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2015), 27.

· #115

S.Batchelor, Afier Buddhism: Rethinking the Dharma for a Secular Age (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2015), 125.

· #116

T. S.Eliot, Little Gidding, Four Quartets. In the UK and the rest of the world: published by Faber and Faber Ltd., reprinted with permission.

· #117

A. D.Kramer, J. E.Guillory, J. T.Hancock, Experimental Evidence of Massive-Scale Emotional Contagion through Social Networks, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in, no. 24 (2014): 87888790.

· #118

M.Moss, The Extraordinary Science of Addictive Junk Food, New York Times Magazine, February 20, 2013.

· #119

S.Martino ., Informal Discussions in Substance Abuse Treatment Sessions, Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 36, no. 4 (2009): 366375.

· #120

K. M.Carroll ., Computer-Assisted Delivery of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Addiction: A Randomized Trial of CBT4CBT, American Journal of Psychiatry 165, no. 7 (2008): 881888.

· #121

(. pay it forward) 2000 . , . . . .

· #122

A.Buddhaghosa, The Path of Purification: Visuddhimagga (Kandy, Sri Lanka: Buddhist Publication Society, 1991).

· #123

N. T.Van Dam ., Development and Validation of the Behavioral Tendencies Questionnaire, PLoS One 10, no. II (2015): eo140867.

<<<
>>>
----

: 0.927. /Cache: 0 / 0