: The Human Age

INDEX

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INDEX

Page numbers listed correspond to the print edition of this book. You can use your devices search function to locate particular terms in the text.

Page numbers beginning with 313 refer to notes.

Absolicon, 99

acetylation, 281

acidification, 65, 66, 154

Adam (robot), 221

Adams, Ansel, 25

Adams, Lytle S. Doc, 145

adaptive radiation, 29

addiction, 176

additive manufacturing, see 3D printing

Ad?lie penguins, 13435

Aesop, 115

Afghanistan War, 258

African bees, 132

agriculture, 10, 11, 34, 71

big, 154

global warming and, 56

local, 88

as seen from air, 21

urban, 90

see also

mariculture

Alaska, 4748, 132

algae, 10, 53, 61

Alien (film), 228

allergies, 301

alligators, 117, 134, 164

alliums, 125

Alps, 132

ALS, 285

alumroots, 8081

Alzheimers, 271, 295

Amazon, 210

Amenhotep II, 257

amino acids, 17980

Anatomage, 197

animals, in war, 14148

Antarctic, 22

ice cores in, 9

Antarctica, 237

anteaters, 132

Anthropocene, 9

beginning of, 3233

antibiotics, 300, 301

ants, 273

Apollo 17, 1718

Appalachian Trail, 12324

Apple, 210

Apps for Apes, 56, 28, 204

aquatic plants, 79

Arabian oryx, 132

archaea, 300

Archimedes, 220

architecture, 9194

Archives of General Psychiatry, 3001

Argentina, 72, 123, 132

Argus butterfly, 136

Arizona, 77

Arlanda, 99

Armstrong, Neil, 306

Army Corps of Engineers, 48

aromas, 294

artificial intelligence (AI), 210

artificial life (AL), 210

artificial limbs, 253

aseptic meningitis, 130

Ashton, Kevin, 230

Asia, 192

Assateague, 13738

assembly line, 235

Assisted Human Reproduction Act, 266

asthma, 301

Atelier DNA, 103

Athaeneum Hotel, 84

Atlantic City, N.J., 4647

atom bomb tests, 34

attention disorders, 196

Audi, 236

Audubon Society, 137

Australia, 43, 46, 77, 16465, 175, 29899

Australian Outback, 54

Austria, 124

autism, 176, 285, 302

autobiographical memory, 217

azacitidine, 285

Aztecs, 112

babies, 259

Backhouse, David, 144

bacteria, 18183, 187, 289, 291, 300

Bacteroides fragilis, 302

baiji dolphins, 162

Ballard, J. G., 231

bamboo, 132

Bangladesh, 5153, 271

basil, 89, 90

Bat Bomb Project, 145

bats, 115

Bavaria, Germany, 107

Baylis, Fran?oise, 266

beans, 190

beavers, 135

bee balm, 125

beebots, 181

bees, 147, 166

beetles, 164, 18081

Bell Museum of Natural History, 115

beluga whales, 135, 144

Benenson, Peter, 98

Benyus, Janine, 92

Berridge, Matt, 57, 2528, 202

Bespoke Innovations, 23637

Bhutan, 72

big agriculture, 154

Big Sur, 115

biofuels, 64

bioluminescent foliage, 83

biomimicry, 9192

bionic fingers, 13

bionic suits, 13

bioprinting, 238, 24546

bipolar disorder, 285

birds, 216

extinction of, 139

birds-foot trefoil, 166

black bears, 126

Black Marble photograph, 17

Blade Runner (film), 228, 253

Blanc, Patrick, 7982, 8485, 207

bleeding hearts, 125

Blizzard Nemo, 58

bloomers, 191

blue-jay feathers, 91

Blue Marble photograph, 1718, 305

bobcats, 129

Boeing, 236

Bonassar, Lawrence, 24352, 253

bonobos, 2013

books, 171

Borges, Jorge Luis, 236

Borneo, 107, 132, 313

Boulogne, France, 83

Boulter, Nicky, 29899

Bracken Cave, 145

brain, 150, 281

rewiring of, 191

scans of, 17678

Bramel, Paula, 155

Brand, Stewart, 150

Branson, Richard, 54

Brazil, 46, 88, 123

breast milk, 301

breeding, 14950

Breezy Point, N.Y., 45

Brittany, France, 6263

Bronen, Robin, 48

Brooklyn Battery Tunnel, 45

Brooklyn Navy Yard, 82

Brown, Charles, 11516

brown bears, 132

brown tree snake, 139

Budi (orangutan), 47, 2526, 27, 28, 44, 12223, 202, 269

iPad of, 47, 2526, 27, 28, 71

building, heating of, 9698

buildings, 9094

bullfrogs, 132

burdock, 132

Burtynsky, Edward, 2325

Bush, George W., 315

butterflies, 133, 166

Bygren, Lars Olov, 27780

Bystr?m, Joakim, 99

cadmium, 271

Caf? Trussardi, 82

California, 77, 117, 132

Callahan, Gerald N., 263

Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness in Non-Human Animals, The, 216

camels, 140

in war, 144, 14546

Canada, 40, 43, 88, 124, 132, 266

Canada geese, 13, 135, 153, 194

Canadian rose, 39

Canadian War Museum, 82

cancer, 271, 316

cane beetles, 139

cane toads, 139

canning, 318

canola rapeseed, 153

Cape Town, South Africa, 78

carbon blade legs, 13

Carbon Capture Storage, 54

carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide levels, 34, 53

and acidification of oceans, 66

kelps ingestion of, 64

methods for pulling from air, 54

recent rise in, 36

Swedish lowering of, 99

urban gardens and, 74, 80

Carpenter, Rollo, 227

carpets, 87

cars, 87, 171, 191

cartilage, 244, 251

Case, Amber, 262

cats, 140, 146, 298

parasites of, 29697

cattle, 19495

Center for Nano Science and Technology, 183

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 298

Central Park, 78

Central Station, 96, 101

cerebral palsy, 253

Cerf, Vent, 2024

Chamonix, France, 314

chatbots, 22631

cheetahs, 132

chemputer, 237

Cher Ami (pigeon), 14445

cherry tomatoes, 90

Chicago, Ill., 77, 78, 117

Chicago Botanic Gardens, 82

chicken coops, 88

childhood mortality, 13

Chile, 46, 99, 175

chimeras, 251, 262, 26468

chimpanzees, 148, 216

China, 46, 88, 102, 124, 235

solar power in, 107

urban population of, 72

Chincoteague, 13738

chipmunks, 126

chives, 90

chlorophyll, 53

chloroplasts, 291

Church, George, 15152

cicadas, 41, 17375

cilantro, 90

cingulate, 178

cities, 11, 13, 7172

enviromental impact of, 7273

growth of, 1819, 72

limited species in, 11314

nature vs., 11217

population of, 72

as seen from space, 1617, 18, 19

sky parks in, 7778

City Hall, Chicago, 83

city parks, 83

clams, 57

Clarke, Ann, 15767

Clarke, Bryan, 15667

Cleverbot, 22728

cliff swallows, 11516

close work, 192

Clostridium difficile, 3012

clouds, 12

coal, 21, 106

Coan, James, 178

cocaine, 298

cochlear implants, 253

cockatoos, 202

cod, 5960

Cold War, 146

Collins, Francis, 289

colon disease, 302

Colorado, 40

compassion, 176

computers, 13, 87, 175, 187, 194, 197, 203, 211, 220, 222, 224, 226, 230, 256, 261, 270

condors, 132

consciousness, 200, 216, 217, 219, 22829

cooking, 190

Copenhagen, 78

copper, 21

coral bells, 8081

cordite, 153

corn, 71, 153

corncrakes, 133, 137

Cornell University, 20925

corpus callosum, 177

cosmos, 125

cottontails, 129

cougars, 117

Council House 2 building, 94

courtly love, 190

cows, 71

coyotes, 117, 118

crabs, 138

cradle to cradle, 87

cranes, 124

Creative Machines Lab, 218, 22324

creativity, 196

Crick, Francis, 274

crickets, 17374

Cronin, Lee, 237

crops, 71

Crutzen, Paul, 9, 313

cucumbers, 89

cuneiform, 235

Curitiba, Brazil, 107

cyborg anthropology, 262

cyborg dragonflies, 14647

cyborgs, 14647, 251, 260, 26263

daffodils, 125

Dakar, Senegal, 314

dandelions, 132

Dantuluri, Phani, 261

dark energy, 172

dark matter, 172

Darwin, Charles, 156, 268, 276

Dayak people, 107

day lilies, 125

deception, 219

Decker Yeadon, 92

deer, 133

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), 14647, 209, 225, 236, 256, 25859

dengue fever, 302

Denmark, 101

depression, 196

Desertec, 106

diabetes, 301

diamondbacks, 11819

dianthus, 125

Dietikon, Switzerland, 82

digoxin, 302

dinosaurs, 31, 154

Djairam, Dhiradj, 104, 105

DNA, 160, 263, 27475, 27879, 281, 282, 287

of extinct species, 15152, 15354, 16063, 16667

dodos, 163

dog roses, 132

dogs, 140, 144, 14546, 147, 148, 149

dolphins, 147, 202, 204, 216

domestic animals, 11, 71, 140

Dominoni, Davide, 114

dopamine, 298

Dourada, Fazenda, 123

droughts, 41, 46

Duckworth, Tammy, 259, 260

dung beetles, 164

Dust Bowl, 41

Dutch Hunger Winter, 283

ears, 24546

Earth:

as seen from air, 2021

as seen from space, 1618, 19, 305

Earthmasters: The Dawn of the Age of Climate Engineering (Hamilton), 314

Eastgate Centre, 92, 9394

echolocation, 147

?cole Polytechnique de Montr?al, 181

eczema, 301

Edison, Thomas, 191, 306

Edmonton Airport, 83

education, 286

Edwards, Andres, 88

Eggerthella lenta, 302

Eggleson, Kathleen, 18384

eggs, 16061, 279

Eisenberger, Naomi, 177

electricity, 76, 78, 91, 97, 99, 100103, 104, 18487, 191, 213

electronic campfires, 193

elements, 3435

elephants, 202, 217

underpass for, 124

in war, 144, 14546

Ellis, Erle, 126

Eloxochitl, 112

emotions, 214, 22223

empathy, 190, 219, 228

Energy Department, U.S., 64

England, 132

English ivy, 132

EnsnAired, 98

Environmental Protection Agency, U.S., 8687

epigenetics, 27986

Estonia, 77

eucalyptus, 132

Eureqa machine, 21920, 221

European badgers, 124

Eve (robot), 221

Everglades, 129, 130, 133, 315

evolution, 208, 211, 219, 224, 251, 27677, 279

microbes effects on, 29293

extinction, 12

of birds, 139

of Miami blue butterfly, 131

orangutans and, 2728

of Partula, 15659

of plants, 315

and resurrection of species, 15152, 15354, 16163, 208

of trilobites, 29, 30

extinctions, great, 60, 154, 305

eyeglasses, 171

factories, 71

false indigoes, 125

famine, 276, 277, 285, 286

Fantastic Voyage, 181

farming fish, 60

Faroe Islands, 78

farsightedness, 192

fecal transplants, 302

Ferrer, Miguel, 136

ferrets, 132

fertilizers, 36, 64

fiber optics, 97

field mice, 134

fighting, 190

finches, 156

Finger Lakes, 31, 131

fire ants, 132

fireflies, 181

fishermen, 5660

fleecy electricity, 35

Flegr, Jaroslav, 297

floods, 41

Florida, 117, 131

Florida rosy wolfsnail, 157

flounder, 65

food, 7

Forbes, 235

Forbidden City, 235

Ford Motor Company, 8788

forests, 54

fossil fuels, 10, 34, 51, 307

fossils, 9, 2930, 31, 32, 3334, 35, 36, 43, 57

Fountainhead, The (Rand), 59

foxes, 129, 133, 134

foxgloves, 125

France, 72, 124, 296, 298

Frankenstein (Shelley), 21213

Franklin, Rosalind, 274

Fraser, Bill, 135

frogs, 80, 125, 131, 132

Frozen Ark, 155, 160, 16364

frozen food, 317

fruit flies, 29395

fungi, 289-90, 300

G8 Summit, 315

Gabriel, Peter, 2013

Galileo Galilei, 220

Galveston, Tex., 50

Gambia, 131

gardening, hydroponic, 83

gardens, 3839

urban, 74

vertical, 7985

Gardens by the Bay, 78

gas, 106

Gaudi, Antoni, 236

geckos, 180

genetic mutations, 277

Genghis Khan, 27273, 274

geoengineering, 5354

geographic change, 11

Geological Society of London, 9

Geological Survey, U.S., 299

geothermal warmth, 95

Germany, 72, 78, 83, 101, 124, 132, 298

solar panels in, 1067

Gershenfeld, Neil, 2023

gestures, 2627

giraffes, 276

global consciousness, 18

global warming, 11, 3842, 154, 3078

agriculture and, 56

in Bangladesh, 5153

and development of seas, 6465

evidence of, 108

extreme weather and, 3643, 314

fishermen and, 5657

gardens affected by, 3839

habitats rearranged by, 13340

human rights and, 48

glowworms, 144

glucocorticoids, 283

golden eagles, 132

Golden Lion Tamarin Conservation Program, 123

golden toads, 162

Golding, William, 162

Google, 192, 210

Google Glass, 26061

gophers, 115

gorgonian, 38

grains, 71

Grand Canyon, 126

granite, 5859

GraphExeter, 18485, 317

grasshoppers, 17374

Grassy Key, 131

great apes, 202

great auks, 151

Great Depression, 108

Greece, 124

Green Apple concept car, 103

Green Belt Corridor, 124

greenhouses, 90

Greenland, 42

green mussels, 131

Green over Grey, 83

growing season, 42

Guam, 139, 157

Guam rail, 139

Guatemala, 88

Gulag Archipelago (Solzhenitsyn), 218

Gurdon, John, 150, 160

Gut Erlasee Solar Park, 1067

Guthrie, Barton, 261

habitat loss, 154

Haiyan, Typhoon, 46

Hamilton, Clive, 314

Hansen, James, 314

Hansmeyer, Michael, 236

Harvard University, 235

Hastings, Battle of, 190

heart, 150, 239, 248, 249, 25051, 281

heat, 41

heaters, 87

heat recycling, 95108

Helm, Barbara, 114

Henri, Pascal, 84

herbs, 89

Hernandez, Isaias, 26465

herons, 19394

Heuchera plants, 8081

High Line, 77

Hitler, Adolf, 273

hockey, 40

Holocene, 9

Homer, 262

Honda, 236

Hong Sun Hye, 102

horse chestnut trees, 153

Horse Island, 58

horses, 13738, 140, 14546

hostas, 125

Hudson River, 5455

hulls, 91

human genome, 13

Human Genome Project, 270, 274, 282, 285, 289, 300

Human Microbiome Project, 289

human rights, global warming and, 48

humans:

as eusocial, 288

geographic expansion of, 10

geography changed by, 11

history of, 71

orangutan genes shared by, 3

population growth of, 10

technological changes to bodies of, 13

tools used by, 7, 9

humans, environmental effects of:

climate change, see global warming

and possibility of nuclear winter, 89

hummingbirds, 126

hunter-gatherers, 71

Huntingtons disease, 271

Hurricane Irene, 57

Hurricane Katrina, 46

hurricanes, 31, 41, 43, 55

Hurricane Sandy, see Sandy, Hurricane

hybrid cars, 100

Hyde Park, 142

hydroelectronic power, 100, 107

hydroponic gardening, 83, 89, 90

Icarus, 224

icebergs, 19596, 197

Iceland, 77

ice packs, 4142

iCub, 21819

iGlasses, 261

igloos, 86

iguanas, 131

Ike Dike, 50

Iliad (Homer), 262

India, 88, 107, 132, 175

Indian mongoose, 132

Indonesia, 132, 313

induced pluripotent stem cells (IPS), 15051, 16063

industrial farming, 60

Industrial Revolution, 34, 106, 18586, 232, 235, 267

Inheritors, The (Golding), 162

insects, 166

insulin pumps, 253

intelligence of plants, 2057

International Union for Conservation of Nature, 313

Internet, 199200, 235

Inuit, 86

invasive species, 132, 154

Iran, 147

Iraq War, 258

Ireland, 132

Irene, Hurricane, 57

irises, 125

iron fertilization, 53

Island of Dr. Moreau, The (Wells), 26768

Israel, 76

Istanbul, Turkey, 78

Italy, 88, 107

Ithaa Restaurant, 76

Ivanpah, 106

Ivins, Molly, 206

Jaguar Corridor, 123

Jamaica Bay, 119

Jamaican fruit bats, 131

Japan, 88

industrial tourism in, 23

Japan beetles, 295

Japanese honeysuckle, 132

Jarrell, Randall, 45

jellyfish, 65, 181

Jernhusen, 9697, 98

Jerusalem, 77

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 220

Jim River, Alaska, 40

Johansson, Klas, 9697

Johns Hopkins University, 244

Jordan, Terry, 3132

Jungle Waterfalls, 83

Kahn, Peter H., 196

Kalmar, Sweden, 99100

kangaroo, 296

Kanzi (bonobo), 202

Katrina, Hurricane, 46

katydids, 17374

Kawasaki, Japan, 23

Keating, Tim, 147

kelp, 56, 57, 58, 60, 6364

biofuels from, 64

Kenya, 124

Khoshnevis, Behrokh, 235

Kidd, Captain, 58

kidney, 239

King, Ross, 221

Kiribati, 49

knapweed, 166

knife fish, 14748

Knights of the Order of the Barrier, 51

koalas, 164

Kockums, 101

Kojo Moe (Ohyama), 23

Korup National Park, 126

krill, 134

Kublai Khan, 272

Kubrick, Stanley, 269

kudzu vine, 132

Kungsbrohuset office building, 96

Kurzweil, Ray, 181, 218

Lactobacillus johnsonii, 301

Lafferty, Kevin, 299

Lake Cayuga, 3031

Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste, 27677

Lammens, Kathy, 302

lampreys, 132

Lancet, 277, 278

landscapes, 2223

manufactured, 2325

language, 7, 10, 171, 191, 255, 303

of animals, 2013

Language Research Center, 2012

Larry (boa), 130

lead, 271

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), 88

Leaves of Grass (Whitman), 184

Lederberg, Joshua, 289

LED lights, 90, 1034

Leeuwenhoek, Antonie van, 290

Leno, Jay, 235

leopards, 118

leucine, 179

Library of Congress, 59

lifespan, 13

lights, 17

Lincoln Memorial, 59

Lindholm, Bosse, 100

Linnaeus, Carl, 217

lions, 164, 273

Lipson, Hod, 20825, 22627, 229, 235, 247, 250

livers, 150, 248

Living Machines Conference, 21819

local farms, 88

Lockheed Martin, 236

locusts, 41

London, 5051

London Zoo, 159

Long Island Sound, 60

loosestrife, 132

Losiny Ostrov National Park, 78

lotusin, 91

Louisiana, 46

Louv, Richard, 196

lungs, 239, 248

Lyme disease, 121

Lyme ticks, 39

lynxes, 132

macaws, 164

Maeslantkering, 50

magnolias, 11112

magpies, 217

Mail Online, 271

malaria, 302

Malaysia, 79

Maldives, 7677

mallards, 117

Mall of America, 96

Mandarin Chinese, 281

mantis shrimp, 61

manufactured landscapes, 2325

manufacturing, 12

mariculture, 5667

pushback against, 6465

marigolds, 90

marine transport pollution, 76

Marshall Islands, 314

marsh rabbits, 129

Marsico, Ron, 119

Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, 1034

Masters, Jeff, 47

mastodons, 31

Mayflower, 132

McDonough, William, 8788

McGill University, 282, 284

McKibben, Bill, 112

McMurdo Station, 8890

Meaney, Michael, 28284

Mecanoo, 104

medical ecology, 300

medicine, 7, 1213

Medieval Warm Period, 43

Mehler, Mark, 282

memories, 255

Men Who Stare at Goats, The (Ronson), 146

Mercedes, 236

mercury, 271

Mesopotamia, 235

metal alloy teeth, 253

methylation, 281

Mexico, 88

Mexico City, 77, 8283

mice, 302

Michigan, 132

microbes, 287304

effects of, on humans, 292, 295303

evolution affected by, 29293

microbiome, 289

microscope, 290

microtia, 24445

Milky Way, 176

Milton, John, 51, 21213

mining, 11, 21, 24, 34

mitochondria, 291

Mitsuku, 317

Mohali, India, 99

moist shaded zones, 79

Mojave Desert, 22, 106

Mongolia, 132

monkeys, 146, 267

monk parakeets, 131

monkshoods, 125

monsoon season, 51, 53

Montaigne, Michel de, 63

Montana, 117

Mooallem, Jon, 13940

moon, 306

Moorea, 158

moor frogs, 124

moose, 132

Moscow, 78

MOSE Project, 50

mosquitoes, 302

Motherwell, Robert, 218

Motley Fool, 235

multiple sclerosis, 301

Mumbai, 78

musk oxen, 132

mussels, 58, 60, 66, 78

mussel tissue, 91

Muybridge, Eadweard, 191

Nakamura, Makoto, 238

Nakio, 256

Namibia, 18081

nanobots, 181

Nano Impacts Intellectual Community, 183

nanoparticles, 18283

nanotechnology, 17987

nanotubes, 179

NASA, 204, 235, 305, 314

Nasheed, Mohamed, 76

National Academy of Science, 26667

National Arbor Day Foundation, 38

National Institutes of Health (NIH), 285

national parks, 165

National Resources Defense Council, 316

National Zoo, 123

NATO, 237

Natural History of the Senses, A (Ackerman), 175

nature:

balance of, 13233

romance with, 12627

as term, 25, 11127, 17172, 30910

Nature, 134

nature deficit disorder, 19697

Nature Neuroscience, 282

Navigenics, 271

Navy, U.S., 145, 147

Nazis, 27374

Neanderthals, 162, 178, 189, 263

nearsightedness, 192

Nelson Island, 48

Nemo, Blizzard, 58

Nestl?, 212

Netherlands, 101, 124, 132

Netherlands Antilles, 88

neural implants, 253

Nevada, 106

New Forest, 17475

Newfoundland, 42

New Jersey, 46

New Mexico, 40

Newton, Isaac, 220

New York, 38, 46, 77

New York, N.Y., 55, 73

New York University, 19798

night fiddlers, 17273

Nile perch, 131

Nin, Ana?s, 186

nitrogen, 36

NOAA, 210

Norrbotten, Sweden, 27576, 27778, 280

North Africa, 106

North Carolina, 46

northern goshawks, 132

Northwest Passage, 135

Norway, 101, 124, 132

Norway maples, 132

nuclear bomb, 191

nuclear power, 22, 100

nuclear winter, 8, 9

Obama, Barack, 177

Obama administration, 233

obesity, 196

ocean, acidification of, 65, 66, 154

octopuses, 202, 216

Ohio, 77

Ohyama, Ken, 23

oil, 99, 106

oil refineries, 22

oil spills, 300

Oman, 132

1D farming, see mariculture

Operation Acoustic Kitty, 146

Operation Migration, 13940

opossums, 129

Orangutan Awareness program, 28

Orangutan Outreach, 5, 6, 313

orangutans, 37, 2528, 132, 216, 217, 231, 296

human genes shared by, 3

impending extinction of, 2728, 313

solitary lives of, 4

tool use by, 5

orca whales, 135, 144

orchids, 206

Orff, Kate, 55

organic fertilizer, 64

Organovo, 23839

Ornstein, Len, 54

Orthopets, 256

Oshkosh Airshow, 187

osteoarthritis, 248

otters, 124

Outer Island, 58

ovarian cancer, 28182

?verkalix, Sweden, 27980

oxen, 140

oxeye daisies, 132

oxygen, 41, 53

oysters, 5455, 56, 57, 60, 6163

Ozawa, Masakatsu, 23

P-52 (python), 128

pacemakers, 253

Panbanisha (bonobo), 2012, 203

pancreas, 281

pansies, 90

Papua New Guinea, 72

Paradise Lost (Milton), 21213

Paris, 9596

Paris Habitat, 96

Parkinsons disease, 253, 295

parks, 7374, 78

parrots, 202

parsley, 89

Partula, 15659

passenger pigeons, 15152

Pasteur, Louis, 290

Patagonia National Park, 99

pathogens, 290

peacock feathers, 91

Pearce, Mick, 9394

Pembrey, Marcus, 279, 281

penguins, 13435

peonies, 125

Peoples Daily, 146

peppers, 89

peregrine falcons, 132

periwinkles, 6162

permafrost, 48

personality, 200, 214, 21617, 22223, 229, 253, 292, 297, 299, 3034, 307

Peru, 77

pesticides, 153, 166

pets, 14950

Pettit, Don, 16

Phelps, Michael, 258

phenotypic elasticity, 24950

Philippines, 46

photonic clusters, 35

phytoplankton, 61

piezoelectricity, 317

pigeons, 140, 142, 144, 14546

pigs, 71

in war, 146

Pistorius, Oscar, 258, 260

Plan Bee, 166

planes, 171, 191

planets, 22021

Planets, The: A Cosmic Pastoral (Ackerman), 220

plankton, 13435

PlantLab, 90

plants:

in cities, 7985

texting by, 2057

plastic stents, 253

Pleistocene Park, 151

Pliocene, 29

PLOS ONE, 271

pneumonia, 183

Poland, 78, 132, 273

polar bears, 134

polar molecules, 35

polar T3, 90

pollution, 154

marine transport, 76

Polo, Marco, 272

polymer teeth, 253

Polynesia, 156, 157

Ponce, Brent, 26061

ponies, 13738

Pons, Lily, 264

poppies, 125

population growth, 10

Porter, Eliot, 25

poverty, 285, 286

Power Felt, 185

prairie dogs, 131

presence, 199

Price of Freedom: Americans at War exhibit, 145

probiotics, 300

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 129

produce, 89

Project Orcon, 145

Project Pigeon, 145

Project X-Ray, 145

proprioception, 17576

prosthetics, 25658

protein, 190

protozoans, 172, 28990, 300

Przewalskis horses, 132

Puerto Rico, 175

Puppe (orangutan), 2627

purple finch, 137

pyrolysis technology, 76

pythons, 12831, 133, 140, 315

Quai Branly Museum, 8082, 8485

quarries, 24

quasi-crystal, 34

rabbits, 126, 129, 133

rabies, 298

racoons, 129

rail trails, 77

rainforests, 79

rains, 41

Raison, Charles, 300301

Rambuteau subway station, 9596

Rand, Ayn, 59

rats, 28283, 296

reading, 19192

Reconciliation Ecology, 74

recycling, 52, 74, 78, 87, 88, 90

heat, 95108

red clover, 166

Red Delicious, 137

red foxes, 153

red kites, 132

Red Sea Star Restaurant, 76

reef death, 3637

refrigerators, 87

regenerative medicine, 244

Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, 25455

reindeer, 132

Reiss, Diana, 202, 204

religion, 176

Relman, David, 300

Renaissance, 190

Renault, 83

renewable energy, 307

restaurant rooftop farms, 88

retinas, 253

Revolutionizing Prosthetics program, 25859

Rezwan, Mohammed, 5253

rhododendrons, 125

rice, 71

Rice Plant Conservation Science Center, 82

Rig Veda, 257

RinkWatch.org, 40, 314

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 78

Ripasso Energy, 100101, 106

roadkill, 11516

robomoths, 14647

RobotCub Consortium, 21819

robot fleas, 148

robotic evolution, 210, 213, 22425

robots, 21025

rocketships, 171

rock strata, 31, 35

roe deer, 124

Romania, 78, 124

Romans, 185

Rome, 267

Roosevelt, Franklin D., 145

rosemary, 90

Rosenzweig, Michael, 74

roses, 125

Rotterdam, Netherlands, 77

Royal Botanic Gardens, 118

Rwanda, 46

Ryu Chan Hyeon, 102

saber-tooth tigers, 162, 163

Sagan, Carl, 220

sage, 125

Sahara Desert, 54

Sahel, 46

St. Johns wort, 132

St. Lukes Hospital, 78

Salem witch trials, 207

salmon, 60, 65

salt deposits, 31

sandhill cranes, 161

San Diego Zoo, 151

sand mandala, 17475

Sandy, Hurricane, 31, 43, 4447

oyster beds smothered by, 57

Sanjay Gandhi National Park, 78

Santiago, 77

Sapolsky, Robert, 298

Sapsucker Woods Bird Sanctuary, 19394

scallops, 57, 60

schizophrenia, 176, 282, 285

science, 11

scientific reasoning, 21920

Scotland, 132

Scots pine, 132

Scripps Research Institute, 151

sea grapes, 61

sea levels, 32, 41, 51

sea lions, 144, 147

Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI), 175

sea squirt, 61

seaweed, 61

sediment, 3132

sedum, 83, 8788

self-awareness, 21617, 219

self-cleaning clothes, 181

sensory overload, 197

Seoul, 192

sepsis, 183

Serengeti, 126

Seurat, Georges, 246

sex, biology of, 29396

Shakespeare, William, 259

Shanghai, China, 192

sharks, 147

Shark Valley, 129, 315

sheep, 71, 267

Shelley, Mary, 21213

shellfish, 60

Shidhulai Swanirvar Sangstha, 52

Shostak, Seth, 175

shrews, 115

shrikes, 74

Siberia, 161

Siju-Rewak Coridor, 124

silicon retinas, 13

silver, 18283

Singapore, 78

singing, 93

Sinhyung Cho, 102

skin, 257

Skinner, B. F., 145

sky parks, 7778

skyskrapers, 24

Smit, Johan, 104

Smith, Bren, 5667

Smith, David, 291

Smithsonian, 235

Smithsonian National Museum of American History, 145

snails, 61, 156, 15760, 163

snowfall, 41

snow leopards, 164

social media, 190, 235

social pain, 177

Soda Cell, 100

solar power, 5152, 83, 100, 1057

solar water farming, 52

sonar, 316

Songdo, South Korea, 230

South Carolina, 46

Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, 102

South Korea, 72

Space Exploration Vehicle, 235

Space Station, 16

space travel, 1516

Spain, 78, 124

spas, 185

Speak, Memory (Nabokov), 218

Spears, Britney, 12930

sperm, 16061, 279

Spielberg, Steven, 142

spinach, 89

Spitsbergen, 15455

squids, 164

squirrel monkeys, 131

squirrels, 126

Stahel, Walter R., 87

Stanley Park, 78

starlings, 153, 16566

Star Trek, 232, 253, 260

Statue of Liberty, 59

steam engine, 34

Steel Pier, 47

stem cells, 13, 150

Stockholm, 9697

Stoermer, Eugene, 313

stomata, 91

Stony Creek harbor, 5657, 6667

storks, 124

Strauss, Richard, 269

suburban sprawl, 116

succulents, 83

sugar, 239

Suharto, 313

sulfur, 99

Summit, Scott, 23637

sustainability, popularity of, 108

Sustainability Revolution, The (Edwards), 88

Svalbard Global Seed Vault, 15455

Svensson, Tore, 101

Sweden, 9697, 98101, 106, 132

Swiss chard, 89, 90

Switzerland, 78, 132

swordfish, 65

sycamores, 111, 113

SyNAPSE, 256, 318

Taft, William Howard, 58

Tahiti, 159

Taiwan, 83

Taliban, 146

Tasmanian devils, 151, 164

taste, 21112

Taylor, Robert, 89

technical nutrients, 87

technology, 10, 1314

nature and, 188200

Technology University, 104

Teitiota, Ioane, 49

Tel Aviv University, 293

telekenesis, 203

telephones, 171

telescopes, 171

televisions, 87, 191

temperate zones, 80

Tennessee, 46

termites, 9293

Texas, 41

texting, 190

by plants, 2057

Thailand, 79, 180

Thames Barrier, 5051

theory of mind, 21617, 21819

Thimble Islands, 58

Thimble Island Salts, 62

Thousand Dreams of Stellavista, The (Ballard), 231

3D printing, 23239, 244

Three Gorges Dam, 101

Thumb, Tom, 58

Thus Spake Zarathustra, 26970

thyme, 90

Tiananmen Square, 271

tiger mosquitos, 132

time-rock, 3233

titanium dioxide, 181

toads, 125

Tohoku, 46

Tokyo, 78

tomatoes, 89

Tom Jones (film), 294

Tonga, 158

tools, 171

human use of, 7, 9

orangutan use of, 5

tornadoes, 41

Toronto, Canada, 78

touch, 178

Town Mouse and the Country Mouse, The (Aesop), 115

Toxoplasma gondii, 29699

trains, 102

transparent aluminum, 34

tree lizards, 80

trees, 83

trilobites, 2930

trumpeter swans, 135

tube worms, 3738

TU Delft, 104, 105

tuna, 65

Tushi, 272

Tuvalu, 4849

23andMe, 271

twins, 282

Twitter, 317

2001: A Space Odyssey (film), 26970

Tybee Island Ocean Rescue, 65

typewriter, 191

typhoons, 46

Uganda, 72

United Kingdom, 83, 298

cities in, 72

United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, 99

United Nations Panel on Climate Change, 4142

United States, 83

urban beekeeping, 88

urban eyes, 192

urbanization, 154

U.S. Hardiness Zone Map, 38

Vancouver, Canada, 78

Vawter, Zac, 25455

vegetable gardens, urban, 74

Venice, Italy, 50

veronicas, 125

vertical farming, 74

in sea,

see

mariculture

vervet monkeys, 131

Viking, 220

Vikings, 42

violence, 286

Viridity Energy, 102

Virtual Dissection, 197

Virtual Interactive Presence in Augmented Reality, 261

viruses, 172, 28990

vitamin D, 192

volcanic archipelagos, 15758

voles, 115

Voronoff, Serge, 264

Voyager, 220

Wade, Chris, 15767

Wageningen UR, 104

Wake Forest, 185

Wakodahatchee Wetlands, 7576

walking, 25960

walls, 92

walruses, 134

war, 14148, 285

War Horse, 14142

Warner, Sabrina, 4748

Washington State University, 238

water lettuce, 132

water moccasins, 11718

water purification, 7475

water-purifying tea bags, 181

Watson, James, 274

waxbills, 79

Wells, H. G., 26768

West, American, 165

West Africa, 151

West Nile virus, 134, 302

Weston, Edward, 25

West Virginia, 46

whale fins, 91

wheat, 71

white rhinoceros, 164

white storks, 13

white-tailed deer, 11921, 126, 129

white-tailed eagles, 124

Whitman, Walt, 184

Whole Earth Catalog, The (Brand), 150

Whole Earth Discipline, The (Brand), 150

wild boars, 124, 131

wildfires, 4041, 46

wild fishing, 60

wildlife corridors, 83

Wild Ones (Mooallem), 13940

Wilfrid Laurier University, 40

William the Conqueror, 190

Willis Tower, 254

Wilson, E. O., 10

windows, 19697

wind power, 83, 92, 100, 102, 1035

Windstalk, 1034

Wind Tunnel, 102

wind turbines, 1045

Win-Win Ecology (Rosenzweig), 74

Wizard of Oz, The (film), 146

Wolbachia, 302

wolves, 132

wombats, 164

women, invention and, 191

womens rights, 191

wood, 106

woodpeckers, 12526

woolly mammoths, 151

proposed repopulation of, 16163

Wordsworth, William, 259

World War I, 14244, 153

World War II, 6061, 153, 273

writing, 11, 171, 191, 255

Wuppertal, Germany, 78

Xi, Zhiyong, 302

Yamanaka, Shinya, 150, 160

yellow fever, 302

Yellowstone National Park, 126, 132

Youth Climate Leaders Network, 65

Yupik Eskimos, 4748

Zanjani, Esmail, 267

zebra mussels, 131

Zilber-Rosenberg, Ilana, 293

Zimmerman, Richard, 6

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